Lincoln Memorial Tavel Guide
The Lincoln Memorial, which is the most famous and most visited memorials in Washington, D. C. . It is an American national monument built to honor the 16th President of the United States-Abraham Lincoln and open to the public 24 hours a day. In 2007, it was ranked seventh on the List of America's Favorite Architecture by the American Institute of Architects. The memorial appears on the back of the U. S. five dollar bill, the front of which bears Lincoln's portrait.
The Memorial is located on the National Mall, across from the Washington Monument. The building is in the form of a Greek Doric temple, built in 1914–1922. A large seated sculpture of Abraham Lincoln and inscriptions of two well-known speeches by Lincoln-The Gettysburg Address and his Second Inaugural Address are contained inside. The memorial has been the site of many famous speeches, including Martin Luther King's "I Have a Dream".
The exterior of the Memorial surrounded by a peristyle of 36 fluted Doric columns and two columns in-antis at the entrance behind the colonnade. Above the colonnade, inscribed on the frieze, are the names of the 36 states in the Union at the time of Lincoln's death and the dates in which they entered the Union. The cornice is composed of a carved scroll regularly interspersed with projecting lions' heads and ornamented with palmetto cresting along the upper edge. Above this on the attic frieze are inscribed the names of the 48 states present at the time of the Memorial's dedication. A bit higher is a garland joined by ribbons and palm leaves, supported by the wings of eagles.
The statue sitting in the central hall, between the north and south chambers. The statue of Lincoln is 19 feet tall from head to foot and weighs 175 tons, carved by the Piccirilli Brothers. Directly behind the Lincoln statue you can read the words of Royal Cortissoz carved into the wall: "IN THIS TEMPLE AS IN THE HEARTS OF THE PEOPLE FOR WHOM HE SAVED THE UNION THE MEMORY OF ABRAHAM LINCOLN IS ENSHRINED FOREVER".