Italy Transport

Get in

Air

Italy has a national airline, Alitalia, as well as several smaller carriers, such as Meridiana. Germany's Lufthansa started an Italian subsidiary that tries to become a main rival for Alitalia with a hub in Milan.

Italy is one of the main battle grounds for European low cost airlines several routes to/from and within Italy are offered. The larger airports are, of course, served by the major European airlines.

Intercontinental airlines mainly arrive in Rome and Milan. Italy’s main intercontinental gateway is Rome’s Leonardo da Vinci airport (FCO; www. adr. it), better known as Fiumicino airport, but flights also serve Milan’s Malpensa (MXP; www. sea-aeroportomilano. it)

Most of mid-range international flights arrive to Rome, Milan, Bologna, Naples, Pisa, Venice, Turin, Palermo, Carania, Bari, and Genoa.

Train

The only way to reach Italy by train from eastern Europe countries is via Vienna or Villach; it's also possible reach by train Nova Gorica (in Slovenia, then cross the border by foot and take a train in Italy in the railway station of Gorizia.

There are some train connections:

Milan To/from Barcelona, Nice, Paris, Amsterdam, Zürich, Munich, Frankfurt and Vienna.

Rome To/from Paris, Munich and Vienna.

Venice To/from Paris, Zürich, Munich, Vienna, Prague, Ljubljana, Zagreb, Belgrade, Budapest and Bucharest.

There are also international trains from Genoa, Turin, Verona, Bologna, Florence and Naples. Details are available online at www. trenitalia. com.

InterRail and Eurail passes offer unlimited rail travel throughout Italy and other European countries, but must be bought before leaving home.

Bus

Eurolines has are regular buses between Ljubljana, Slovenian coastal towns and Istria (Croatia) and Trieste (Italy). These services are cheap and from Trieste onward connections with the rest of Italy are plentiful. There's also a bus that goes from Malmö, Sweden via Denmark, Germany and Switzerland to Italy.

Ferry

There are dozens of ferry companies connecting Italy with other Mediterranean country.

Some regular ferry services connect the island of Corsica in France to Genoa, Livorno, Civitavecchia, Naples and North of Sardinia. Barcelona is connected to Civitavecchia and to Genoa. Some regular ferry services connect Sicily and Naples to some North African harbours. There is a hydrofoil service running from Pozzallo on the south-eastern coast of Sicily to Malta, and a year-round service between Trieste and Albania and summer services between Trieste and Pirano (Slovenia) and Parenzo and Rovigno in Croatian Istria.

Car

Italy borders on France, Austria, Switzerland and Slovenia. All borders are open (without passport/customs checks), but cars can be stopped behind the border for random checks.
Get around

Train

There are different train types: high-speed trains (Frecciarossa, Frecciargento, Frecciabianca, Eurostar Italia), Intercity, regional trains (Regionali, Regionali Veloci) and international trains (Eurocity, Euronight). There are 1st and 2nd classes on most Italian trains; a 1st-class ticket costs just under double the price of a 2nd-class ticket. To travel on Intercity and Eurostar trains you are required to pay a supplement (€3 to €16) determined by the distance you are travelling. Reservations on trains are not essential but advisable, as without one you may not be able to find a seat on certain trains. Bookings can be made when you buy your ticket, and usually cost an extra €3. Reservations are obligatory for many of the Eurostar trains.

Bus

Numerous companies offer bus services within Italy . Usually, you can get a bus timetable from local tourist offices. a Bus tickets should be bought from corner shops, bus company offices and automated machines before boarding. Buying tickets from the bus driver is generally not possible.

Taxi

Taxi can be got on taxi ranks at train and bus station. You cannot hailed a taxi as It's illegal for them to stop in the street. Or you can phone a taxi, but it's advised not because the meter starts when you make the call rather than when it picks you up.

Boat

The main embarkation points for Sardinia are Genoa, Livorno, Civitavecchia and Naples; for Sicily the main points are Naples and Villa San Giovanni in Calabria. The main points of arrival in Sardinia are Cagliari, Arbatax, Olbia and Porto Torres; in Sicily they are Palermo and Messina.

Car

There is an excellent network of autostradas in Italy, represented on road signs by a white A followed by a number on a green background. However parking could be a problem.