Cuban culture is influenced by its melting pot of cultures, primarily those of Spain and Africa. Yank Tanks, Che Guevara, Hemingway, music, cigars are a symbol of Cuba.
Cuban music is very rich and is the most commonly known expression of culture. It is often considered one of the richest and most influential regional musics of the world. The music of Cuba is mostly of European and African origin. Most forms of the present day are creolized fusions and mixtures of these two great sources. The central form of this music is Son, which has been the basis of many other musical styles like salsa, rumba and mambo and an upbeat derivation of the rumba, the cha-cha-cha. Popular Cuban music of all styles has been enjoyed and praised widely across the world. As well as pop, classical and rock are very popular in Cuba.
Cuban literature began to develop its own style in the early 19th century. Dominant themes of independence and freedom were exemplified by José Martí, who led the Modernist movement in Cuban literature. Writers such as Nicolás Guillén and Jose Z. Tallet focused on literature as social protest. And a few more, such as Reinaldo Arenas and Guillermo Cabrera Infante, earned international recognition in the postrevolutionary era.
Baseball is the most popular sport in Cuba. The Cuba national baseball team finished second in the first World Baseball Classic against the Japanese national team. Boxing is also rather popular. They also enjoy basketball, track and field, volleyball, and rugby union.